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Natural ingredients are listed below so that you easily determine if CALM Natural Skin Care - Bath Body Care & Makeup is right for your skin

Our full disclosure policy means that all natural skincare ingredients, bath / body and makeup natural ingredients are listed and explained. We work with people with allergy issues, psoriasis, eczema and other issues and realize how important it is to have minimum fragrance but maximum goodness. Some of CALM skincare, bath & body and makeup products are vegan, but we do use beeswax and honey. Continue reading to learn more about skin care with natural ingredients and their properties. If this isn't satisfying enough, then research the ingredients that are all listed below.

The nonprofit Environmental Working Group manages a cosmetics database called Skin Deep in which it evaluates the health risk of more than 79,000 products, one ingredient at a time, and lists the most common harmful contaminants to avoid. We are proud to tell you that all of our skin care, makeup and body care products have scores between 1-2 or Low Hazard, check out our scores on Skin Deep


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Acai Berry Powder The fruit, comparable in size to a blue berry, comes from the acai palm tree (Euterpe oleracea), which is native to Central and South America. The reason you hardly ever see it in the market is that they are highly perishable and need to be freeze dried in order to preserve their benefits. A good source of natural antioxidants, the acai berry helps eliminate free radicals that contribute to premature aging and has rich essential fatty acids that help moisturize and smooth the skin.

Agar or agar-agar is a gelatinous substance derived from a polysaccharide that accumulates in the cell walls of red algae. Agar is a vegan gelatin alternative and is easily absorbed in water and therefore used as a thickening agent.

Alcohol (Organic) uses production methods without residues that can potentially pollute air, soil, and water. It is produced from products free of pesticides and fertilizers, chemicals that, when ingested frequently, can potentially increase the risk of cancer and other health risks.

Aloe Vera (Aloe Barbadensis Leaf) is a member of the Lily family, it is a succulent, perennial plant that closely resembles a Cactus. There are over 250 different species of Aloe, growing mainly in the dry regions of Africa, Asia, Europe and America. Aloe Barbadensis Miller is considered the true Aloe Vera. It is the most potent – nutritionally and medicinally with high antioxidant levels due to the presence of Vitamins A, C, and E. Aloe Vera also helps new skin cells form and hastens healing, especially with skin blemishes.

Almond Oil - The almond is a species of tree native to the Middle East and South Asia. Almond oil is rich in vitamins A, E and D. It is absorbed easily and leaves your skin feeling soft and pampered. It is a versatile oil that it is suitable of all types of skin.

Arrowroot Powder is the dried root of the arrowroot plant. Archaeological studies in the Americas show evidence of arrowroot cultivation as early as 7,000 years ago. It is mainly used as a thickening agent and to help draw out toxins from the skin.

Avocado Butter (Persea Gratissima) is the fruit of a tree found mainly in South America and Mexico. It is an excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins A, D and E, and provide skin with deep long lasting moisture. Avocado oil also contains sterolins, which are natural steroids that help boost collagen production for anti-aging protection.

Baking Soda (Sodium bicarbonate, bicarbonate of soda) usually appears as a fine powder, but can also appear as a white solid that is crystalline. Ancients Egyptians used natural deposits of Natron, a mixture of sodium carbonate and sodium bicarbonate, as a cleansing agent like soap for a variety of purposes. In 1791 a French Chemist produced sodium bicarbonate as we know it today. Baking soda acts as a mild exfoliant to prevent acne and clean your skin.

Bees Wax – Cera Alba Beeswax or “Bee Sweat” is a natural wax produced in the bee hive of honey bees of the genus Apis. Western honey bees use the beeswax to build honeycomb cells in which their young are raised and honey and pollen are stored. For the wax-making bees to secrete wax, the ambient temperature in the hive has to be 33 to 36 °C (91 to 97 °F). To produce their wax, bees must consume about eight times as much honey by mass. It is estimated that bees fly 150,000 miles, roughly six times around the earth, to yield one pound of beeswax (530,000 km/kg). It is used as a thickening agent, emulsifier, and humectant with emollient, soothing and softening properties to help the skin retain moisture.

Bentonite Clay Stearalkonium Hectorite also referred to as Montmorillonite, is one of the most effective and powerful healing clays used to treat both internal and external maladies. A clay mask made from Bentonite draws excess oils and debris to the surface of your skin. This drawing will boost circulation to tighten the skin and stimulate blood flow, and remove dead skin cells that can clog pores.

Blueberry Fruit Extract contains high amounts of Vitamin A & C for anti-aging benefits. Vitamin A can reduce wrinkles and eliminate dark spots, while Vitamin C helps neutralize free radicals to keep your skin young. Vitamin A has the added benefit of normalizing oil levels in your skin, making it healthier and less likely to have acne breakouts.

Calendula Extract Calendula officinalis (Pot Marigold) is an aromatic annual plant belonging to the Asteraceae (Compositae) family native to the Mediterranean area, although it is widely spread throughout the world as an ornamental plant. The name Calendula stems from the Latin kalendae, meaning first day of the month, presumably because pot marigolds are in bloom at the start of most months of the year. Calendula oil is classed as a macerated or infused oil, where the plant material is infused in oil. The botanical material is later removed, leaving the oil with some of the properties of the botanical material. Calendula is used for its soothing and healing properties and to assist with circulation and collagen growth.


Candelilla Wax is a wax derived from the leaves of the small Candelilla shrub native to northern Mexico and the southwestern United States. Originally used to make candles, its name means ‘little candle.' It is used as a substitute for beeswax, helping us to make our products conform to vegan requirements.

Castor Oil is obtained by pressing the seeds of the castor plant, Ricinus communis. Cold pressed castor oil has been used for a variety of ailments such as skin disorders, burns, sunburns, cuts, and abrasions. For skincare, it is used to lock in moisture and to soothe skin.

Cera Bellina Wax is a hydrophilic derivative of beeswax with excellent oil gelling properties. The addition of Cera Bellina wax helps give any lip balm, lotion bar, or emulsion a smooth and luxurious texture due to its' ability to inhibit the crystallization of oils and natural butters.

Chamomile Extract, Flowers, & Powder is a common name for a daisy-like plant. Chamomile is one of the oldest favorites amongst garden herbs and its reputation as a medicinal plant shows little signs of abatement. The Egyptians reverenced it for its virtues, and from their belief in its power to cure ague, supposedly dedicated it to their gods. The extract contains active Flavonoid and Essential Oil compounds, which are particularly advantageous in the care of sensitive skin, while the powder or flowers will relax, soften and heal the skin.

Cinnamomum Zeylanicum (Cinnamon Bark Extract) is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several trees from the genus Cinnamomum. It is principally employed in cookery as a condiment and flavouring material and in skin care as a perfuming element.

Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Seed is rich in vitamin C and is a powerful antioxidant that protects skin cells from free radical damage. It is also used as a mild preservative in many skin care products.

Citrus Medica (Lemon) Limonum is a natural source of Vitamin C and antioxidant bioflavonoids. Lemon Oil possesses skin-tightening and toning effects. It also serves as a purifying disinfectant, making it ideal for treating oily, tired and stressed skin.

Cocoa Butter is the cream-colored edible fat extracted from cacao seeds (aka cocoa beans). Containing natural antioxidants that prevent rancidity, it is extremely stable with a long shelf life. Cocoa butter has been used down through the ages to keep skin soft and supple. It helps to retain moisture by providing a breathable barrier to protect sensitive skin against environmental stress. Due to its ability to promote elasticity in the skin, it is frequently recommended for prevention of stretch marks in pregnant women and for soothing chapped skin and lips.

Cocoa Powder is made from roasted chocolate beans and is a powerful antioxidant. Antioxidants help cells repair and prevent cell damage by neutralizing free radicals, which can cause oxidative damage or aging. It is also an excellent moisturizer that will leave your skin feeling soft and glowing.

Coconut Milk Powder is often thought to be the liquid that is inside the coconut. It is not the substance that is drinkable once the coconut has been cracked open. Rather, coconut milk is the milky substance that is pressed out of the soft interior of the coconut after it has been freshly picked. By removing all the water from the remaining coconut, powdered coconut milk is created. Coconut milk has naturally soothing properties that replace moisture in dehydrated skin.

Coconut Oil – is an edible oil extracted from the kernel or meat of matured coconuts harvested from the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). It contains vitamins A, B, C, and E and is a natural anti-oxidant that helps the skin repair itself and protect itself from free radicals. Free radicals break down the connective tissues in your skin causing your skin to harden and lose its natural elasticity and strength.

Coffea Arabica is also known as the "coffee shrub of Arabia", "mountain coffee", or "arabica coffee" and believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated. Extracts help moisturize and hydrate your lashes and intensify the darkness of the pigments.

Eucalyptus The essential oil is obtained from fresh leaves of the tall evergreen eucalyptus tree, which is in the myrtle family. Eucalyptus oil has antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial properties along with having a refreshing effect on the skin. During cold or flu season, a Eucalyptus steam can be very beneficial to the respiratory system.

Evening Primrose Oil (Oenothera Biennis) contains a high concentration of a fatty acid called GLA which helps retain elasticity in skin. Native Americans used the seeds for food and made poultices from the whole plant to heal bruises in their traditional medicine. The oil has been found to help with Eczema related conditions.

Glycerin - Tribehenin is a humectant, meaning it attracts moisture to your skin. Glycerin is a natural by-product of the soapmaking process and while commercial manufacturers remove the glycerin for use in their more profitable lotions and creams, handcrafted soap retains glycerin in each and every bar. Some of the extracts used have glycerin added to them during the extraction process.

Grapeseed Oil (also called grapeseed oil or grape oil) is a vegetable oil pressed from the seeds of various varieties of Vitis vinifera grapes, an abundant by-product of winemaking. It is very high in antioxidants and contains high amounts of vitamin E, vitamin C, Beta-Carotene, and vitamin D. Additionally, grape seed oil has mild antiseptic and astringent qualities and is very light moisturizer for your skin.

Green Tea Extract - are herbal derivatives from green tea leaves (Camellia sinensis). They contain antioxidant ingredients and even exhibit stronger antioxidant protection for human body than vitamin C and vitamin E. Due to the high antioxidant levels of green tea extracts, it is hoped that they will be further developed as a natural food preservative.

Green Tea Powder/Leaf is made from the whole leaf of the Camellia sinensis plant. Often it will include the veins and stems of the leaf. Recent research shows that green tea is naturally rich in antioxidants, which help protect the body from free radicals – naturally occurring particles in the body associated with accelerated aging and an increased risk of major diseases.

Hydrastis Canadensis (Goldenseal) Root is a perennial herb in the buttercup family Ranunculaceae, native to southeastern Canada and the eastern United States. The Iroquois used it to treat a variety of ailments and also prepared a compound infusion with other roots for use as drops in the treatment of earache and as a wash for sore eyes. It can even be drunk as a tea.

Jojoba Oil (pronounced “ho-HO-bah”) is the liquid wax produced in the seed of the jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis) plant, a shrub native to southern Arizona, southern California and northwestern Mexico. Jojoba oil in actuality is a liquid wax that came into prominence during the 1970s, at the time, when killing of whales for commercial use was banned. Jojoba oil resembles the sebum of our own skin and leaves a rich velvety non-oily feel on the skin, while retarding water loss and enhancing the flexibility and suppleness.

Kaolin Clay White kaolin , also known as China or white clay, is from kaolinite, a silicate mineral, and is the mildest of all clays. It is suitable for sensitive skin. It helps stimulate circulation to the skin while gently exfoliating and cleansing it. It does not draw oils from the skin and can therefore be used on dry skin types.

Kelp Powder is an underwater plant with a majestic form, deep green color and a high nutritional yield that is commonly referred to as “seaweed.” Kelp is an excellent herbal source of calcium, magnesium, sodium and iodine and is used to draw toxins out of your skin.

Lanolin became known as an effective moisturizer because sheep farmers’ hands would be silky smooth and hydrated thanks to this substance. Once sheep are sheared, lanolin is extracted from their wool before it is washed. The Lanolin that it is used in cosmetics and personal care products is then purified to remove all the impurities, while the wool when it is processed into textiles, such as yarn or felt. In cosmetics, it acts as a lubricant keeping skin soft and smooth and also prevents water loss but locking in moisture.

Lavandula Officinalis (Essential Oil of Lavender), Flowers, & Powder is an aromatic perennial evergreen shrub. Its woody stems bear lavender or purple flowers from late spring to early autumn, although there are varieties with blossoms of white or pink. The use of Lavender goes back thousands of years, with the first recorded uses by the Egyptians during the mummification process. Lavender was used as an after-bath perfume by the Romans, who gave the herb its name from the Latin lavare, to wash. It stimulates the growth of new skin cells, tones and balances the skin and promotes relaxation in extract, flower or powder forms.

Leucidal® Liquid is a natural preservative from Active Micro Systems combining the current trends for alternative preservative systems and peptide technology. Derived from radishes fermented with Leuconostoc kimchii, a lactic acid bacteria that has traditionally been used to make kimchi, this product consists of an isolated peptide that is secreted from the bacteria during the fermentation process that has been shown to have antimicrobial benefits.

Magnesium Carbonate is a salt derived from magnesite, a carbonite mineral that occurs as veins of rocks that contain opals. It is used as binder and carrier for ingredients.

Maltodextrin is a polysaccharide that is usually used as a food additive. It is produced from starch by partial hydrolysis and is usually found as a creamy-white hygroscopic spray dried powder. It is used to reduce clumping in some of the powdered materials.

Meadowfoam Seed Oil (Limnanthes alba)is a very earth-friendly product. The Meadowfoam plant is often used by farmers for a rotation crop and was originally developed as an alternative to Sperm Whale oil. It is very similar to Jojoba Oil and contains high amounts of Vitamin E and other antioxidants that hydrate and elasticize skin, which reduces the occurrence of lines.

Mica Powder – FDA Approved – Sericite Mica is a naturally occurring group of silicate minerals. The word “mica” is thought to be derived from the Latin word micare, meaning “to glitter”, in reference to the brilliant appearance of this mineral. Mica will impart a sparkly white appearance to your skin. The sericite form comes from Latin sericus, meaning “silken” and will give a silky smooth texture to your skin.

Neem Oil (Certified Organic Azadirachta indica) is a vegetable oil pressed from the fruits and seeds of the neem tree, an evergreen found in India. Neem has been used in Indian traditional medicine (Ayurvedic and Unani) since 2000-4000 BC. It contains high amounts of antioxidants and fatty acids, and Vitamin E which work to rejuvenate skin cells and retain elasticity for anti-aging benefits.

Oatmeal is created by grinding oats into a coarse powder, but it’s not just for porridge preparations. Oatmeal, when applied topically, helps skin retain its natural moisture balance. It acts as a mild exfoliant to help remove dead skin cells from the surface of the skin, and yet leave it soft and smooth.

Olive Oil (Olea europaea) is an oil obtained from the olive (Olea europaea; family Oleaceae), a traditional tree crop of the Mediterranean Basin. In addition to being a natural, hypoallergenic way to moisturize skin, extra virgin olive oil has the added advantage of providing strong antioxidants, like Vitamins A and E that help repair and renew skin that has been damaged from overexposure to sun, air pollution, and other modern-day environmental hazards – like cigarette smoke and fast food. These antioxidants have the natural ability to stimulate cells and return skin to a firmer, smoother, and healthier state. Whether applied to face or body, olive oil will penetrate deep into the skin and provide a long-lasting shield of moisture to keep skin smooth and supple.

Origanum Vulgare – Wild Marjoran Extract is related to the herb marjoram, Oregano also being known as wild marjoram. Although more familiar in cooking, Oregano is high in antioxidant activity due to a high content of phenolic acids and flavonoids.

Oryza Sativa (Rice) Powder is the refined starch from rice, known as Oryza Sativa. The powder of rice has been used for centuries in the ancient art of Ayurveda, a holistic healing practice and by Asian women in their facial makeup and to wash their skin since the 16th century. It is considered a deeply moisturizing skin and hair treatment.

Palm Oil – is an edible plant oil and is derived from the fruit of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). Palm oil is occasionally referred to as the “vegan’s substitute for tallow” because it is solid at room temperature and helps the soap to solidify without the use of animal products like tallow. Palm oil also produces a creamy lather in soap.

Palm Wax – Carnauba Cerifera is a wax of the leaves of the palm Copernicia prunifera, a plant native to and grown only in the northeastern Brazilian states. It is known as “queen of waxes” and in its pure state, usually comes in the form of hard yellow-brown flakes that are obtained from the leaves of the carnauba palm. It produces a lovely gloss finish.

Papaya Leaf (Carica papaya) The leaf contains beta-carotene, calcium, carpaine, fats, flavonols, niacin, papain, tannins, and vitamin C (in higher concentration in the leaf than in the fruit). The leaf, unlike the fruit, is not a source of the protein-dissolving enzyme papain, but the latex (sap) in the leaf stem is. The latex is used as a freckle remover and dissolves dead skin to help fight blemishes.

Raspberry Leaf - Raspberries were said to have been discovered by the Olympians gods themselves while searching for berries on Mount Ida. The red raspberry leaf (Rubus idaeus) is a pale-green leaf produced by the raspberry plant. It’s rich in antioxidants and works to tonify and cleanse skin.

Rosmarinus officinalis (Essential Oil of Rosemary) The name rosemary derives from the latin name rosmarinus, which is from “dew” (ros) and “sea” (marinus), or “dew of the sea” — apparently because it is frequently found growing near the sea. Rosemary has mild antibacterial properties, helps increase circulation and has a rejuvenating and cleansing effect on the skin in addition to a wonderful aroma.

Roses - A rose is a woody perennial of the genus Rosa, within the family Rosaceae. It is suitable for all skin types, but it is especially valuable for dry, sensitive or aging skins. It has a tonic and astringent effect on the capillaries just below the skin surface, which makes it useful in diminishing the redness caused by enlarged capillaries.

Rose Absolute Oil - The healing tradition associated with the rose is no less remarkable than its fragrance and beauty. The fragrance is considered an antidepressant, while the oil itself is a mild antiseptic. The difficulty of extracting rose oil from the plant has always caused it to be a very expensive substance. A rose blossom contains only about 0.02% essential oil. It takes about 60,000 roses to produce just 1 ounce of oil.

Rose Hip / Rosehip Fruit Oil or rose haw, is actually the fruit of the rose that develops as the flowers drop off. They are one of the most concentrated sources of vitamin C available. In addition to C, rose hips also contain A, D and E, as well as antioxidant flavonoids that may reduce the effects of aging and stress.

Safflower Oil is one of humanity’s oldest crops. Chemical analysis of ancient Egyptian textiles dated to the Twelfth dynasty identified dyes made from safflower, and garlands made from safflowers were found in the tomb of the pharaoh Tutankhamun. Safflower oil is flavorless and colorless, and nutritionally similar to sunflower oil. It’s very high in linoleic acid, which is a fatty acid that skin normally makes to retain its’ moisture.

Sage Oil (Salvia officinalis) & Leaves is a small perennial evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers. It is a member of the family Lamiaceae and is native to the Mediterranean region, though it has naturalized in many places throughout the world. It has a long history of medicinal and culinary use, and in modern times as an ornamental garden plant. Sage is used as an energizing and cleansing element due to its’ antimicrobial and antibacterial properties.

Sandalwood (Red) Genuine sandalwoods are medium-sized hemiparasitic trees of the genus Santalum. The wood is heavy and yellow in color as well as fine-grained, and unlike many other aromatic woods it retains its fragrance for decades. Sandalwood paste is integral to rituals and ceremonies, to mark religious utensils and to decorate the icons of the deities. It is also distributed thereafter to devotees, who apply it to the forehead or the neck and chest. Preparation of the paste is considered a duty fit only for the pure, and is therefore fitting to be included in a clarifying mask.

Sodium Caseinate is a tasteless, odorless, water-soluble, white powder used to stabilize and prevent (for example, in coconut milk powder) the the fat from separating out of the powder. It is formed by dissolving casein (a milk based protein) in sodium hydroxide and then evaporating. Also known as casein sodium; nutrose.

Shea Butter (Butyrospermum parkii) is an off- white or ivory-colored fat extracted from the nut of the African shea tree. It has been used for centuries in Africa for its moisturizing and healing properties to protect and condition skin. Shea butter is naturally rich in vitamins A, E and F and provides the skin with essential fatty acids and the nutrients necessary for collagen production.

Silica – is a mineral found naturally in sandstone, clay, and granite, and quartz. Silica is seen in many make up formulas because its spherical particles not only absorb sweat and oil, but prevent light reflection. It also improves consistency and ensures an even application.

Soy Lecithin Lecithin (Non GMO) has emulsification and lubricant properties, and is a surfactant. The phospholipids naturally present in Lecithin are able to attract water from the air, and in doing so, increase hydration. This makes it an excellent additive for restorative creams, or for products designed for mature, dry, or overworked skin. It also has the unique ability to deeply penetrate the skin, and carry substances directly to the cells and the bloodstream.

Soy Milk Powder is soy milk from which all water has been removed. The process of dehydration is carried out in a sequence of evaporator units, where steam from the preceding unit is used as the heat source in the next unit, resulting in low energy consumption. The powder results in the use of less packaging waste, compared to soy milk packed in cartons. For your skin, it has been added for it’s potential antiaging and antioxidant benefits in addition to being a gentle scrub and moisturizer.

Spearmint Oil (Mentha spicata) Indigenous to Europe and Asia, but now widespread in cultivation throughout all regions of the world. The most abundant naturally occurring compound in spearmint oil is carvone, which gives spearmint its distinctive smell, but it's menthol content levels are much lower than in peppermint oil. In traditional medicine, it is used to treat digestive conditions, skin problems, and headaches and will even fight off insects.

Sunflower Oil is the non-volatile oil produced from sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seeds. High in essential fatty acids and vitamin E, sunflower oil is a good choice for moisturizing, regenerating, and conditioning skin. Sunflower oil has a light texture and is easily absorbed by skin and does not feel as heavy as other oils such as olive oil.

Sunflower Lecithin is a type of phospholipid abundant in sunflower seeds. The phospholipids naturally present in Lecithin are able to attract water from the air, and in doing so, increase hydration. This makes it an excellent additive for restorative creams, or for products designed for mature, dry, or overworked skin. It also has the unique ability to deeply penetrate the skin, and carry substances directly to the cells and the bloodstream.

Tapioca Maltodextrin is a native plant of America, is a flavorless starchy ingredient that is derived from dried cassava roots and is generally used for cooking. Tapioca maltodextrin, is particularly good at absorbing liquid fat and is used to turn an oil into a powder.

Rose Absolute Oil - The healing tradition associated with the rose is no less remarkable than its fragrance and beauty. The fragrance is considered an antidepressant, while the oil itself is a mild antiseptic. The difficulty of extracting rose oil from the plant has always caused it to be a very expensive substance. A rose blossom contains only about 0.02% essential oil. It takes about 60,000 roses to produce just 1 ounce of oil.

Tea Tree Oil (Melaleuca Oil) is a pale yellow colour to nearly clear hydrophobic essential oil with a fresh camphoraceous odor. It is taken from the leaves of the Melaleuca alternifolia which is native to the northeast coast of New South Wales, Australia. Tea tree oil has antiseptic, antibacterial, antifungal properties that aid in the reduction of blemishes.

Thymus Vulgaris (Thyme Extract) is a low growing herbaceous plant that is often cultivated as a culinary herb. In medieval times, the plant symbolized courage, and to keep up their spirits, knights departing for the Crusades received scarves embroidered with a sprig of thyme from their ladies. In 1725, a German apothecary discovered that the plant’s essential oil contains thymol, a powerful antimicrobial element.

Titanium Dioxide, also known as titanium(IV) oxide or titania, is the naturally occurring oxide of titanium. Titanium dioxide is found in almost every sunscreen with a physical blocker because of its high refractive index, its strong UV light absorbing capabilities and its resistance to discoloration under ultraviolet light.

Vanilla Planifolia is a species of vanilla orchid. It is native to Mexico, and is one of the primary sources for vanilla flavouring. The plant is also a source of catechins that provide antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits for maintaining moisture and eliminating bacteria.

Vitamin E / Tocopheryl Acetate is a natural preservative, anti-oxidant and moisturizer. It is effective as a natural defense against harmful UV rays, preventing hyper-pigmentation and sun damage. As a natural emollient, it makes skin feel smoother, reduces roughness, heals cracking and irritation and retards the fine wrinkles from aging.

Vodka (Distilled) (Russian: водка, Ukrainian: горілка, horilka Polish: wódka, Czech: vodka, Slovak: vodka) is a distilled beverage and one of the world’s most popular liquors. It is composed primarily of water and ethanol with traces of impurities and flavorings. Vodka is made from the fermented substances like grain and potatoes and has been used as a natural substitute for Isopropyl Alcohol.

Water (Distilled) Natural water usually contains a number of microscopic contaminants, along with dissolved minerals such as calcium and iron. One way to remove these elements from water is to boil it until it changes to steam, a process known as distillation. When this steam is allowed to cool down and condense into liquid form again, the result is a purified form.

Xanthan Gum is a plant-based thickening and stabilizing agent. It is a polysaccharide created by allowing the Xanthomonas campestris bacterium to ferment on a sugar. The result is a gel that is then dried and milled to create the powder substance. In the world of gluten-free baking, xanthan gum plays the crucial role of imitating gluten and for cosmetics creates elasticity in mixtures.